New Delhi: the actor Siddharth Shukla He passed away on Thursday (September 2) at the age of forty. It was reported that a heart attack was the cause of his sudden death. However, doctors at Cooper Hospital said that the cause of his horrific death will be determined posthumously. Earlier, Raj Kaushal, husband of director Mandira Bedi, died of cardiac arrest at the age of 49. Gujarati film actor Amit Mistry also suffered a heart attack in April this year at the age of 47.
Celebrities who are in their 40s dying of a heart attack indicate that there is a greater trend of relatively young people experiencing cardiac arrest. It was previously believed that heart disease is a problem of the elderly – who are already frail and often have comorbidities. But not anymore.
Research presented at the 2019 Conference of the American College of Cardiology indicates that 20 percent of people who have a heart attack in the United States are 40 years of age or younger; A rate that has increased by 2 percent per year for the past 10 years. The study also noted that young patients with heart attacks had a similar risk of death compared to their older counterparts. The trend of decline in the age group suffering from cardiovascular disease has been observed in other countries as well.
“It was very sad to see such a rise in the incidence of heart disease in India. Heart disease has recently become very common among young people. According to the Cardiology Society of India, 25 percent of people who die of heart attacks are under 35 years of age. Dr. Manoj Kumar, Senior Director of Cardiology, Head of Interventional Cardiology, Max Hospital Delhi.
He adds, “A study published in the Lancet recently concluded that people born after 1970 are at greater risk of developing heart disease because they tend to lead a sedentary lifestyle.”
Reasons why young people have heart attacks
Multiple factors such as smoking, leading a sedentary lifestyle, alcohol consumption, drug abuse, eating processed foods, obesity, stress, and genetic predisposition can put one at risk for cardiovascular disease.
“The main causes (for younger adults having a heart attack) are alcohol and smoking, irregular sleep, an increased amount of stress and a sedentary lifestyle that encourages reduced physical activity. All of these lifestyle changes increase the risk of chronic diseases such as high blood pressure. Blood and diabetes. All these lifestyle changes increase the risk of chronic diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes – and we see patients with high cholesterol in their 20s or 30s,” says Dr. Ashish Agarwal, cardiologist, Akash Healthcare.
The rise in type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure in young people is an alarming sign of their heart health. Type 2 diabetes, which generally results from a sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits, makes people susceptible to cardiovascular disease. High blood pressure also increases your chances of having a heart attack.
“Those with a family history of high blood pressure or heart problems should start monitoring their health with annual screening from their mid-30s,” said Dr. Agarwal.
He also adds: “Some people may also have a family history of such diseases that increase their risk. It is a mistake to realize that having a well-built body is a sign of good health – people should make healthy food choices by including green vegetables in their meals.” Diet, try to avoid alcohol, quit smoking and sleep at least 7 to 8 hours.”
While all of these factors can contribute to a heart attack. Smoking is especially dangerous. According to an internal study led by Dr. Kumar at Max Hospital Delhi, about 90 per cent of young people who have had a heart attack used to smoke and be physically inactive.
Risk factors for heart disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- high blood pressure
- high fat
- A family history of cardiovascular disease
- sedentary lifestyle
- Excess consumption of processed food
- stress and anxiety
- Irregular sleep pattern
They are the main risk factors that can lead to cardiovascular disease.
Does Covid-19 contribute to an increase in heart attacks?
The COVID-19 pandemic could also be a factor in the increase in heart attacks in younger individuals in particular and people in general.
“It is true that we are seeing more young people with heart attacks these days, but remember that we are facing a bad epidemic of COVID-19 and that COVID-19 creates cytokines,” says Dr. Vivek Jawali, Head of Cardiothoracic Vascular Sciences, Fortis Hospitals, Bangalore. .
Cytokines are small proteins released from our cells that help with the body’s immune and inflammatory responses. An overproduction of the cytokine can trigger a cellular storm that allows more immune cells to be recruited to the site of infection-causing inflammation that can lead to organ damage.
Dr. Juwali notes that cytokines can cause easy clotting within a blood vessel. Many young people these days get positive RT-PCR with low-grade corona disease and may hide it for social reasons and stay in quarantine silently. It may not be managed properly. “
“Their inflammatory (cytokine) markers should be checked and if they are high and do not receive anticoagulant drugs in time, in the appropriate doses and for the appropriate period of time, they can easily develop intravascular thrombosis in the arteries of the heart and predispose them to heart attacks or die dramatically,” Dr. Jawali warns.
People advise, “The message is that patients with high inflammatory markers after infection with COVID should take anticoagulant medication for 6 to 8 weeks.”